RESOURCES -- CLIMATE SCIENCE
- Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science presents key concepts about Earth's climate system, the impacts of climate change, and approaches to mitigation and adaptation. A companion Climate Literacy Handbook provides commentary and online resources for each of the seven essential prinicples. The 18-page Climate Literacy brochure is available in both English and Spanish. (U.S. Global Change Research Program, 2009)
- Climate Change: Evidence and Causes is a very readable and authoritative resource on climate change causes and impacts. It is presented in the form of questions with direct and easy-to-understand answers from two prominent academies of science. (U.S. National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society, 2014)
- What We Know: The Reality, Risks, and Response to Climate Change assesses current climate science and impacts and emphasizes the need for the public to understand and recognize possible high-risk scenarios. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2014)
- The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was completed in 2014. It consists of three Working Group reports -- The Physical Science Basis; Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability; and Mitigation of Climate Change -- and a Synthesis Report. A description of the process of developing, writing, and reviewing the AR5 report is also available.
- Recent reports from several national agencies and scientific groups document the climate changes underway in this country and around the world and recommend strategies for addressing climate change.
- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration compiles an annual report on global climate indicators and notable weather events in the U.S. and around the world. The State of the Climate in 2013 is the most recent complete climate scorecard; monthly summaries for 2014 are also available.
- Third National Climate Assessment: Climate Change Impacts in the United States, from the United States Global Change Research Program, is a comprehensive report summarizing the science of climate change and describing its impacts across the U.S., now and throughout this century. It discusses impacts on key sectors and examines observed and projected impacts on the different regions of the country. Available in an interactive, web-based version, this 2014 report and its various sections may also be downloaded, including a 148-page Highlights report.
- EPA's Climate Change Indicators in the United States, 2014 presents 30 indicators showing observed long-term trends related to causes and effects of climate change, the significance of these changes, and their possible consequences for people, the environment, and society.
- The National Research Council of the National Academies is in the process of producing a suite of reports under the title America's Climate Choices. The reports focus on strategies aimed at advancing the science of climate change, limiting the magnitude of climate change, adapting to the impacts of climate change, and informing effective decisions related to climate change.
- Chad Tolman, a member of the LWVUS Climate Change Task Force, writes a monthly blog called Climate Change News about the latest in energy and climate science and policy. To receive Climate Change News automatically, send a message to email@example.com.
- RealClimate is a "commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists." Its contributors seek to provide "a quick response to developing stories and provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream commentary." The site includes a set of resources, grouped according to levels of previous knowledge, to help people get up to speed on the issue of climate change.
- In his interactive blog, Dot Earth, Andrew Revkin reports on natural resources, the environment, climate change, and sustainability. Formerly a news blog, it has now moved to the Opinion section of the New York Times.
- Global Warming's Terrifying New Math, by Bill McKibben (Rolling Stone, August 2012), explains the climate crisis in mathematical terms: the remaining amount of CO2 that can be emitted if we are to limit global warming to below 2o Celsius and the amount of CO2 the fossil fuel industry has in its known reserves, nearly five times that amount. Do the Math is a 42-minute documentary about the movement to change the math of the climate crisis and challenge the fossil fuel industry. (350.org)
- The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) website has a wealth of high quality background papers, legislative and policy information, and a blog on policy, energy, and science. Among the many resources are The Basics of climate change and a Kids Corner.
- The Climate Progress blog is "dedicated to providing the progressive perspective on climate science, climate solutions, and climate politics." It was founded by Joe Romm, a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress.
Global Warming Denial
- The Skeptical Science website explores issues raised by global warming skeptics, looking to see whether their arguments have any scientific basis and examining what peer-reviewed scientific literature has to say. The site is maintained by Australian John Cook, a retired solar physicist.
- A series of articles -- How to Talk to a Climate Skeptic -- by blogger Coby Beck responds to the most common arguments against global warming. The arguments are grouped into four categories: Stages of Denial, Scientific Topics, Types of Arguments, and Levels of Sophistication. The series has been vetted and applauded by the climate scientists at RealClimate, described above.
- In Seven Answers to Climate Contrarian Nonsense, John Rennie, former editor-in-chief of Scientific American, rebuts several of the most common claims of climate contrarians.
- In an article contributed by climate scientist Stephen Schneider to the Proceedings of the National Academy of Scientists -- Expert credibility in climate change -- the authors report examining a data set of 1372 scientists involved in climate research. They found that 97–98 percent of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field support the tenets outlined by the IPCC. They also found that the relative climate expertise and scientific prominence of the researchers unconvinced of those tenets to be substantially below that of those who agree with the IPCC.
- In a paper titled The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change, Naomi Oreskes, Professor of History and Science Studies at the University of California at San Diego, reports on her analysis of peer-reviewed science literature in journals from 1993 to 2003 that contain the key words "climate change" in the abstract. In the 928 papers she examined, she found none that challenged the consensus position that Earth's climate is being affected by human activities. Dr. Oreskes talks about the history of the effort to deny the reality of climate change in the second half of her YouTube presentation, The American Denial of Global Warming.
- Science as a Contact Sport: Inside the Battle to Save Earth's Climate, by the late Stanford climatologist Stephen Schneider, relates the author's four-decade personal struggle to understand the complexities of climate change and to communicate the growing threat to policy makers and the public. (National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, 2009)
- Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim?, published in 2008 by James Hansen of Columbia University along with a number of coauthors, makes the case for an ultimate target of 350 parts per million (ppm) of atmospheric CO2. It is this rather technical paper that led to the formation of 350.org. The organization's website provides a layperson's explanation of the science of 350.
Last updated: 1/12/2015.