In the Toolkit --


  • Guide to the Toolkit
  • Leagues in Action
  • I. Choosing a Role for Your League

    II. Grassroots Action Priorities

  • Climate Action
  • Price on Carbon
  • Our Children's Trust
  • Energy Efficient Buildings
  • Renewable Energy
  • Adapting to Climate Change
  • III. Basics of Climate Change

    IV. Engaging Individuals

  • Communicating About Climate Change
  • Preparing for a Meeting on Climate Change
  • Engaging Groups in Your Community
  • V. Promoting Public Policy

  • Community Action Models
  • Organizing For Community Action
  • Tips for Building Grassroots Support
  • League Action on Climate Change
  • International Action
  • VI. Resources

    Price on Carbon Reading List

    Recommended readings compiled by Climate Change Task Force member Chad Tolman for the Price on Carbon caucus at the 2016 LWVUS Convention

    Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim?, James Hansen et al., NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studes, 2008. Argues that the target atmospheric CO2 concentration should be no higher than 350 ppm, and that the last time the earth was ice free, the CO2 was 450±100 ppm.

    The Long Thaw -- How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth's Climate, David Archer, Princeton University Press, 2009.  Figure 17 shows the covariation of sea level with global average temperature in the geologic past,  with the level changing about 20 meters per degree Celsius.

    Atmospheric CO2 at Mauna Loa Observatory, Full Mauna Loa CO2 Record, NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory.

    Carbon Dioxide Emissions, U.S. Energy Information Administration, October 2015.  Provides tables of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning by state, energy sector and fuel for the years 1990 through 2013.

    Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, 2000-2013, U.S. Energy Information Administration, October 2015.  Figure 2 shows a bar chart of the 2013 per capita CO2 emissions by state.  New York has the lowest per capita emissions (ranked 1st) and Wyoming the highest (50), with Delaware ranked 21st.

    The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative: Lessons Learned and Issues for Congress, Jonathan Ramseur, Congressional Research Service, April, 2016.  Describes the history, operation, and effects of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), since its adoption by state governors in 2005.

    The Economists’ Statement on Climate Change, Redefining Progress, 1997.  The Statement was endorsed by 2500 economists, including nine Nobel Laureates.  It says in part, “The United States and other nations can most efficiently implement their climate policies through market mechanisms, such as carbon taxes or the auction of emissions permits.”

    REMI Report, Regional Economic Models, Inc. for the Citizens' Climate Lobby (CCL), June 2014.  REMI examines the effects of a steadily-rising fee on all fossil fuels, with revenue from that fee returned to households in equal shares. The fee, starting at $10 per ton of CO2 and rising $10 per ton each year for 20 years, would reduce CO2 emissions by 50%, add jobs to the economy, and improve public health.

    Stanford scientist unveils 50-state plan to transform U.S. to renewable energy, Mark Schwartz, Stanford News, February 26, 2014.  Mark Jacobson and colleagues describe the solar, wind and hydro renewable energy resources in each state that could replace fossil fuels by 2050.

    Vehicle Miles Traveled: Another Look at Our Evolving Behavior, Doug Short, Advisor Perspectives, April 25, 2016.  The 4th figure is titled, Estimated Vehicle Miles Traveled and Gasoline Prices.

    Climate Change News is a monthly blog by Chad Tolman that keeps readers up to date on energy and climate change science, public policy, public opinion, ethics and economics.  Directions for how to subscribe (or unsubscribe) through Yahoo Groups can be found at the end of any issue.

    Resources with special relevance to the state of Delaware

    Highest, Lowest and Mean Elevations in the United States, Infoplease. Lists elevation information by state.

    Preparing for Tomorrow’s High Tide – Sea Level Rise Vulnerability Assessment for the State of Delaware, Delaware Sea Level Rise Advisory Committee, July 2012.  Describes the vulnerability of a number of natural and human resources under three scenarios of sea level rise involving increases in sea level of 0.5 , 1 and 1,5 m (about 20, 40 and 60 inches) by 2100.

    The Climate Framework for Delaware, Delaware Division of Energy and Climate, Dec. 2014.  Includes Executive Order 41, Preparing Delaware for Emerging Impacts and Seizing Economic Opportunities from Reducing Emissions, issued by the governor in September 2013 as a result of a request by LWVDE and 20 other environmental organizations for a comprehensive energy and climate plan.  The Framework was a response from state agencies with recommendations on climate mitigation and adaptation, and flood avoidance.  It showed that transportation (34%) was a larger source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than electricity generation (31%), and recommended a 30% reduction in total GHG emissions by 2030, relative to a 2008 baseline; no longer-term goal was recommended.